Lebanon and Arabism
National Identity and State FormationeBook - 2004
This work traces the interaction between Arab nationalism and Lebanese local sentiments between 1936 and 1945, a period characterized by significant change at the international and local levels. It highlights the developments which affected the official position of Lebanese towards Arabism - a progression from initial skepticism to active involvement in founding the Arab regional system in the mid 1940s. Special attention is paid to the internal changes which led to the inclusion of the Arab nationalists of Lebanon in the political process, culminating in the so-called Lebanese National Pact and the independence of the country in 1943.
The late 1930s and early 1940s saw a significant rise in Arab nationalism, and Lebanon's traditional religious and sectarian allegiances responded in complex ways leading to the Lebanese National Pact and the independence of the country in 1943. El- Solh, who is a political affairs officer for the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia, concentrates on the further changes that followed, leading to the Ta'if Agreement of 1989, especially the different approaches by Lebanese and Arab nationalists. He details early treaties with France that led to a rather fragile but workable system, at least for the French, the dismantling of the treaty system in the Second World War and the Anglo-French Continuum that followed, independence and the pan- Arab dialogue, and the resulting relationship between Lebanon and the League of Arab States. Distributed by Palgrave. Annotation ©2005 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)